The upcoming festival of Ganesh Chaturthi is the most popular festival in Hindus celebrated in the honor of Lord Ganesha, also called Vinayak Chathurthi. With great faith, people celebrate the festival of Lord Ganesha to start the new activity without any obstacle. On the fourth day of Badhrapada (Shukal Chathurthi) in the Hindu calendar, the festival is started traditionally for ten days and ended on the fourteenth day on Ananth Chaturdashi.
This festival is celebrated publically and in homes by almost all the parts of India. But in the Maharashtra and Gujrat, the festival is celebrated with the great bang. Though Karnataka, Odisha, Goa, Madhya Pradesh, Telangana, Nepal and in abroad Canada all Hindus celebrated the festival with great enthusiasms. Delhi as the capital of India, also enjoying this festival with full of rituals.
The festival is celebrated with great zeal in public pandals by installing the clay deities of Lord Ganesha and in homes a small or accordance to the size the clay deities installed and worshiped by families, friends, and neighbors. At the end of the festival the clay deity of the God Immersed in the water body such as sea, river or lake. The clay is disintegrated over the time period. All devotees pray to Lord Ganesha that their obstacles and miseries may be taken by the Lord and next year he shall come to their home again with prosperity.
A public celebration is mostly done by the help of collecting funds from neighborhood and shops. Puja started with “Padya puja”. The priests do the “ Prana Prtishtha” invite the Lord Ganesha in the deity. Then the puja started offering the lord Modaka, Jaggery, Dhruv grass, Red flowers (hibiscus flowers). Arti is performed daily morning and in the evening with the gathering of public. In Domestic puja the family installed the Ganesh Deity for 1, 1 ½. 3, 5, 7 or 11 days as per choice. Morning and evening aarti would be done in the presence of relatives and friends. Modaka and Kranaji are the main dishes offer to God. At the end, the deity would be brought to the body of water. All would be enjoying the Hymns and songs with Gulals.
The history of the festival is since the era of Shivaji, founder of the Maratha Empire. The Peshwas encouraged the festival but with the fall of Peshwas the festival was limited to the household festival till the social reformer Lokmanya Tilak again encourages the festival in public.
The Most serious impact of the festival on water pollution is due to the immersion of deities in water bodies. The Idol made from chemicals polluted the water bodies. Now awareness campaign of Government and public, they return to tradition and making the idols from nature-friendly materials like clay. The offerings are now demerged in ground and become the composed minerals for plants. Also to use only a bucket of water to immerse the idol and when the clay is melted in it the water will give to plants are the real meaningful and beneficiary to nature of this festival.
Let's welcome the festival of Lord Ganesha and pray the prosperity for all human beings. Ganapathi Bapa Maurya!!